Oral hygiene

Preventive dental care in Lausanne.

Good dental hygiene relies on the application of simple rules. Indeed, caries and gum disease can be prevented, not to mention the fact that - if treated - they are a few less things to worry about. The key to oral hygiene also lies in effective brushing.

Toothbrush: It is irreplaceable and indispensable, and should ideally be used 3 times a day, after each meal. You can opt for a manual toothbrush or electric toothbrush. There are three types of manual toothbrushes, according to the hardness of the bristles. In general, a model with soft bristles suits everyone. Choosing the right toothbrush also consists of choosing the right toothbrush head: articulated, simple or with different bristle lengths and positions. It should be changed at least every three months. As an alternative to the manual toothbrush, the electric toothbrush permits very thorough brushing. The rotating heads of these brushes are typically rounded and very complex in order to reach the teeth, the gaps in-between, and the gingival grooves.

Dental floss: This is the useful and/or even essential complement to a toothbrush. Daily use of silk or nylon dental floss aids the removal of plaque accumulating in the gaps between the teeth, which are difficult areas to reach with a toothbrush, and averts inflammation of the gums. Use at least once a day.

Toothpick: It aids the removal of large remnants of food which have accumulated in the interdental gaps, and which are often inaccessible to toothbrushes. The only efficient and pleasant one is made of softwood. You should moisten it with saliva or water before using. Its triangular shape permits easier passage.

Interdental sticks or brushes
: For people who have receding gums or dentures, which leave gaps that are inaccessible for toothbrushes, it is important to use interdental sticks or brushes to remove dental plaque at the base of the teeth, in these wider gaps, and stimulate gums.

Dental irrigator or dental jet: Jet devices which aid the removal of dental plaque, food debris and simultaneously massage the gums. Water pressure aids the removal of debris stuck in inaccessible corners with a brush. However, it does not eliminate the bacteria in dental plaque and hence is not a replacement for toothbrushes and interdental brushes. Dental irrigators are particularly useful for people wearing dentures or orthodontic braces.

Plaque revealer: The plaque revealer, which occurs most often in liquid form, is applied to the teeth. It stains the dental plaque (mostly) red making it visible. This allows you to see where brushing should be intensified. As long as this red colour is there, there is plaque and you must continue brushing. At first, you can use it every day. And once you have acquired the brushing technique, you can get into the habit of using it occasionally to be sure of maintaining good oral hygiene.

Dental brace brush: Those who wear braces should use a special brush for dental braces. It should only be used for cleaning the braces.

All this does not exempt you from an annual visit to your dentist. During this check up, you will be able to ask your dentist how to make the best use of all these accessories.

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